ProPump and Controls Osprey Pump Controller
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
CVSS v3 9.8
ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low attack complexity/public exploits are available
Vendor: ProPump and Controls, Inc.
Equipment: Osprey Pump Controller
Vulnerabilities: Insufficient Entropy, Use of GET Request Method with Sensitive Query Strings, Use of Hard-coded Password, OS Command Injection, Cross-site Scripting, Authentication Bypass using an Alternate Path or Channel, Cross-Site Request Forgery, Command Injection
2. RISK EVALUATION
Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to gain unauthorized access, retrieve sensitive information, modify data, cause a denial-of-service, and/or gain administrative control.
3. TECHNICAL DETAILS
3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS
The following version of Osprey Pump Controller, pumping systems, and automated controls is affected:
Osprey Pump Controller version 1.01
3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW
Osprey Pump Controller version 1.01 is vulnerable to a predictable weak session token generation algorithm and could aid in authentication and authorization bypass. This could allow a cyber threat actor to hijack a session by predicting the session id and gain unauthorized access to the product.
Osprey Pump Controller version 1.01 is vulnerable to an unauthenticated file disclosure. Cyber threat actors could use a GET parameter to force the affected device to disclose arbitrary files and sensitive system information.
Osprey Pump Controller version 1.01 has a hidden administrative account with a hardcoded password that allows full access to the web management interface configuration. The account is not visible in the Usernames and Passwords menu list of the application and the password cannot be changed through any normal operation of the device.
Osprey Pump Controller version 1.01 is vulnerable to an unauthenticated OS command injection vulnerability. Threat actors could exploit this vulnerability to inject and execute arbitrary shell commands through a HTTP POST parameter called by index.php script.
Osprey Pump Controller version 1.01 is vulnerable an unauthenticated OS command injection vulnerability. Threat actors could exploit this vulnerability to inject and execute arbitrary shell commands through a HTTP GET parameter called by DataLogView.php, EventsView.php and AlarmsView.php scripts.
Osprey Pump Controller version 1.01 inputs passed to a GET parameter are not properly sanitized before being returned to the user. Threat actors could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary HTML/JS code in a user’s browser session in context of an affected site.
Osprey Pump Controller version 1.01 could allow an unauthenticated user to create an account and bypass authentication, thereby gaining unauthorized access to the system. A threat actor could exploit this vulnerability to create a user account without providing valid credentials. A threat actor who successfully exploits this vulnerability could gain access to the pump controller and cause disruption in operation, modify data, or shut down the controller.
Osprey Pump Controller version 1.01 allows users to perform certain actions via HTTP requests without performing any checks to verify the requests. This could allow an unauthorized user to perform certain actions with administrative privileges if a logged-in user visits a malicious website.
Osprey Pump Controller version 1.01 contains an unauthenticated command injection vulnerability that could allow system access with www-data permissions.
CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Multiple
COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: United States
Gjoko Krstic of Zero Science Lab reported these vulnerabilities to CISA.
ProPump and Controls has not responded to requests to work with CISA to mitigate the reported vulnerabilities. Users of the affected product are encouraged to contact ProPump and Controls representative.
CISA recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:
Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure they are not accessible from the Internet.
Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls and isolate them from business networks.
When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize VPN is only as secure as its connected devices.
CISA reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
CISA also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics. Several CISA products detailing cyber defense best practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS webpage at cisa.gov/ics in the technical information paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B–Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.
Organizations observing suspected malicious activity should follow established internal procedures and report findings to CISA for tracking and correlation against other incidents.